Protocol to the 1980 Treaty (1997)
Date of Conclusion: 29 July 1997.
Entry into Force: 16 December 1997.
Effective Date: 1 January 1996 (see Article 3).
PROTOCOL AMENDING THE CONVENTION BETWEEN
CANADA AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
WITH RESPECT TO TAXES ON INCOME AND ON CAPITAL
SIGNED AT WASHINGTON ON SEPTEMBER 26 1980
AS AMENDED BY THE PROTOCOLS
SIGNED ON JUNE 14 1983, MARCH 28 1984 AND MARCH 17 1995
- Paragraph 3(a) of Article XIII (Gains) of the Convention shall be deleted and replaced by the following:
“(a) in the case of real property situated in the United States, means:
— a United States real property interest and real property referred to in Article VI (Income from real property) situated in the United States, but does not include a share of the capital stock of a company that is not a resident of the United States; and”
- Paragraph 3(b)(ii) of Article XIII (Gains) of the Convention shall be deleted and replaced by the following:
“(ii) a share of the capital stock of a company that is a resident of Canada, the value of whose shares is derived principally from real property situated in Canada; and”
- Paragraph 3 of Article XVIII (Pensions and annuities) of the Convention shall be deleted and replaced by the following:
“3. For the purposes of this Convention, the term “pensions” includes any payment under a superannuation, pension or other retirement arrangement, Armed Forces retirement pay, war veterans pensions and allowances and amounts paid under a sickness, accident or disability plan, but does not include payments under an income-averaging annuity contract or, except for the purposes of Article XIX (Government service), any benefit referred to in paragraph 5.”
- Paragraph 5 of Article XVIII (Pensions and annuities) of the Convention shall be deleted and replaced by the following:
“5. Benefits under the social security legislation in a Contracting State (including tier 1 railroad retirement benefits but not including unemployment benefits) paid to a resident of the other Contracting State shall be taxable only in that other State, subject to the following conditions:
(a) a benefit under the social security legislation in the United States paid to a resident of Canada shall be taxable in Canada as though it were a benefit under the Canada Pension Plan, except that 15 per cent of the amount of the benefit shall be exempt from Canadian tax; and
(b) a benefit under the social security legislation in Canada paid to a resident of the United States shall be taxable in the United States as though it were a benefit under the Social Security Act, except that a type of benefit that is not subject to Canadian tax when paid to residents of Canada shall be exempt from United States tax.”
- This Protocol shall be subject to ratification in accordance with the applicable procedures in Canada and the United States and instruments of ratification shall be exchanged as soon as possible.
- This Protocol shall enter into force upon the exchange of instruments of ratification, and shall have effect as follows:
(a) Article 1 of this Protocol shall have effect as of April 26, 1995; and
(b) Article 2 of this Protocol shall have effect with respect to amounts paid or credited to a resident of the other Contracting State after 1995, except that where a Contracting State has, in accordance with the Convention read without reference to this Protocol, imposed a tax on benefits paid or credited under the social security legislation in that State, and those benefits are paid or credited after 1995 and:
(i) before the calendar year in which this Protocol enters into force, if this Protocol enters into force before September 1 of that year, or
(ii) before the end of the calendar year in which this Protocol enters into force, if this Protocol enters into force after August 31 of that year,
Article 2 shall only have effect with respect to such benefits (referred to in this Article as “source-taxed benefits”) as described in paragraphs 3, 4 and 5.
- With respect to source-taxed benefits paid by a Contracting State to a resident of the other Contracting State, Article 2 applies only if the resident has, within three years after the date on which this Protocol enters into force, applied to the competent authority of the first-mentioned Contracting State for a refund of the tax imposed on the benefits. However, with respect to source-taxed benefits paid by the United States to a resident of Canada, the competent authority of Canada shall:
(a) apply for and receive such refund on behalf of the resident;
(b) remit to the resident, in accordance with the law of Canada governing refunds of income tax overpayments, such refund less any tax imposed in Canada on the benefits in accordance with Article 2 of this Protocol; and
(c) make the application referred to in subparagraph (a) only if the additional tax that would be imposed in Canada on the benefits, on the assumption that Article 2 of this Protocol applied, would be less than the tax imposed in the United States on the benefits as a result of paragraph 5 of Article XVIII (Pensions and annuities) of the Convention read without reference to this Protocol.
- All taxes refunded as a result of this Protocol shall be refunded without interest and interest on any taxes of a resident of a Contracting State assessed as a result of this Protocol shall be computed as though those taxes became payable no earlier than December 31 of the year following the year in which this Protocol enters into force.
- The competent authorities of the Contracting States shall establish procedures for making or revoking the application referred to in paragraph 3 and shall agree on such additional procedures as are necessary to ensure the appropriate implementation of this Protocol.
In witness whereof, the undersigned, being duly authorized thereto by their respective Governments, have signed this Protocol.
Done at Ottawa in duplicate, in the English and French languages, both texts being equally authentic, this 29th day of July, 1997.